"Good Neighbors Keep Their Noise to Themselves"
Fort Collins, CO Noise Ordinance
(NPC posted this March 2004)
ARTICLE II. NOISE
Sec. 20-21. Definitions.
The following words and terms, and phrases, when used in this Article, shall have the following meanings ascribed to them in this Section:
Ambient sound level shall mean the total sound pressure level in the area of interest including the noise source of interest.
A-weighting shall mean the electronic filtering in sound level meters that models human hearing frequency sensitivity.
Background sound level shall mean the total sound pressure level in the area of interest excluding the noise source of interest.
Code Compliance Inspector shall mean an employee of the city trained in the measurement of sound and empowered to issue a summons for violations of §20-23 and to issue variances pursuant to §20-27.
Construction shall mean any site preparation, assembly, erection, repair, alteration or similar action, or demolition of buildings or structures.
dB(A) shall mean the A-weighted unit of sound pressure level.
Decibel [dB] shall mean the unit of measurement for sound pressure level at a specified location.
Emergency work shall mean any work or action safe any property necessary to deliver essential services including, but not limited to, repairing water, gas, electric, telephone, sewer facilities, or public transportation facilities, removing fallen trees on public rights-of-way, or abating life-threatening conditions.
Impulsive sound shall mean a sound having a duration of less than one (1) second with an abrupt onset and rapid decay.
Motor vehicle shall mean any vehicle that is propelled or drawn on land by an engine or motor.
Muffler shall mean a sound-dissipative device or system for attenuating the sound of escaping gases of an internal combustion engine.
Multi-use property shall mean any distinct parcel of land that is used for more than one (1) category of activity. Examples include, but are not limited to:
|(1)||A commercial, residential, industrial or public service property having boilers, incinerators, elevators, automatic garage doors, air conditioners, laundry rooms, utility provisions, or health and recreational facilities, or other similar devices or areas, either in the interior or on the exterior of the building, which may be a source of elevated sound levels at another category on the same distinct parcel of land; or|
|(2)||A commercial building which has a residential use located above, behind, below or adjacent to the commercial use.|
Noise disturbance shall mean any sound originating from or received within the city limits that (a) endangers the safety or health of any person, (b) disturbs a reasonable person of normal sensitivities, or (c) endangers personal or real property.
Person shall mean any individual, corporation, company, association, society, firm, partnership, joint stock company, the city or any political subdivision, agency or instrumentality of the city.
Public right-of-way shall mean any street, avenue, boulevard, road, highway, sidewalk, alley or similar place which is leased, owned or controlled by a governmental entity.
Public space shall mean any real property or structures thereon that is owned, leased or controlled by a governmental entity.
Pure tone shall mean any sound that can be judged as a single pitch or set of single pitches by the Code Compliance Inspector.
Real property line shall mean either (a) the line, including its vertical extension, that separates one (1) parcel of real property from another, or (b) the vertical and horizontal boundaries of a dwelling unit that is contained within a multi-use building.
Sound level shall mean the instantaneous sound pressure level measured in decibels with a sound level meter set for A-weighting on slow or fast integration speed.
Sound level meter shall mean an instrument used to measure sound pressure levels conforming to standards as specified in ANSI Standard S1.4-1983 or the latest version thereof.
Sound pressure level shall mean twenty (20) multiplied by the logarithm, to the base ten (10), of the measured sound pressure divided by the sound pressure associated with the threshold of human hearing, in units of decibels.
Unreasonable noise shall mean any sound of such level and
duration as to be or tend to be injurious to human health or welfare, or
which would unreasonably interfere with the enjoyment of life or property
throughout the city or in any portions thereof, but excludes all aspects
of the employer-employee relationship concerning health and safety hazards
within the confmes of a place of employment.
(Code 1972, § 78-9; Ord. No. 154, 2001, 11-6-01)
Cross reference-Definitions and rules of construction generally, § 1-2.
Sec. 20-22. Unreasonable noise prohibited.
No person shall make, continue or cause to be made or continued any
unreasonable noise; and no person shall knowingly permit such noise upon
any premises or in or upon any vehicle owned or possessed by such person
or under such person's control or operation. For purposes of this Section,
members of Police Services are empowered to make a prima facie
determination as to whether a noise is unreasonable.
(Code 1972, § 78-1; Ord. No. 65, 1987, 5-5-87; Ord. No. 67, 1996, 6-4-96; Ord. No. 154, 2001, 11-6-01; Ord. No. 130, 2002, § 6, 9-17-02)
Sec. 20-23. Maximum permissible noise levels.
(a) A noise measured or registered in the manner provided in § 20-24 from any source at a level which is in excess of the dB(A) established for the time period and zoning districts listed in this Section is hereby declared to be a noise disturbance and is unlawful. When a noise source can be identified and its noise measured in more than one (1) zoning district, the limits of the most restrictive zoning district shall apply.
|Low Density Residential (R-L)
Urban Estate (U-E)
Foothills Residential (R-F)
High Density Mixed-Use Neighborhood (H-M-N)
Low Density Mixed-Use Neighborhood (L-M-N)
Medium Density Mixed-Use Neighborhood (M-M-N)
Neighborhood Conservation Low Density (N-C-L)
Neighborhood Conservation Medium Density (N-C-M)
Neighborhood Conservation Buffer (N-C-B)
Public Open Lands (P-O-L)
River Conservation (R-C)
|7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.
|Downtown Old City Center (D)
Downtown Canyon Avenue (D-C-A)
Downtown Civic Center (D-C-C)
River Downtown Redevelopment Commercial (R-D-R)
Community Commercial (C-C)
Community Commercial North College (C-C-N)
Community Commercial River (C-C-R)
Commercial North College (C-N)
Neighborhood Commercial (N-C)
Limited Commercial (C-L)
Harmony Corridor (H-C)
|7:00 a.m- to 8:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.
|7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.
|7:00 a.m. to 8:00 p.m.
8:00 p.m. to 7:00 a.m.
(b) if the noise source in question is a pure tone, the limits set forth above shall be reduced by five (5) dB(A).
(c) In multi-use buildings, when noise originates in one (1) unit and is
received in another unit within the same building, the maximum dB(A) for
such noise shall be the same as the maximum dB(A) for the zoning district
in which the building is located.
(Code 1972, § 78-2; Ord- No.9, 1998, 2-3-98; Ord. No. 154, 2001, 11-6-01)
Cross reference-Zoning, annexations and development of land, Article 4 of the Land Use Code--Zone Districts.
Sec. 20-24. Classification and measurement of noise.
For the purposes of classifying any noise disturbance and determining whether it is in violation of § 20-23, the following test measurements and requirements shall be applied; provided, however, that a violation of § 20-22 may occur without the following measurements being made:
|(1)||Noise shall be measured at a distance of at least twenty-five (25) feet from a noise source located within the public right-of-way, and if the noise source is located on private property or public property other than the public right-of-way, the noise shall be measured at or within the property boundary of the receiving land use.|
|(2)||The noise shall be measured on a sound level meter.|
|(3)||No outdoor measurement shall be taken without a wind screen recommended by the sound level meter manufacturer, or during periods when wind speeds, including gusts, exceed fifteen (15) miles per hour.|
(Code 1972, § 78-3; Ord. No- 154, 2001, 11-6-01)
Sec. 20-25. Exceptions.
The provisions of this Article shall not apply to:
|(1)||Noise from emergency signaling devices;|
|(2)||Noise from agricultural activities;|
|(3)||The operation of aircraft or other activities which are subject to federal law with respect to noise control, and the generation of sound in situations within the jurisdiction of the Federal Occupational Safety and Health Administration;|
|(4)||Noise from domestic power tools and lawn and garden equipment operated between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m., provided that such tools or equipment generate less than eighty-five (85) dB(A) at or within any real property line of a residential property;|
|(5)||Sound from church bells and chimes when a part of a religious observance or service;|
|(6)||Any tools or equipment used in construction, drilling, earthmoving, excavating, or demolition, provided that all motorized equipment used in such activity is equipped with functioning mufflers, and further provided that such work takes place between 7:00 a.m. and 8:00 p.m.;|
|(7)||Noise from snow blowers, snow throwers and snow plows when operated with a muffler for the purpose of snow removal;|
|(8)||The city for noise emanating from any public right-of-way;|
|(9)||Noise generated from golf course maintenance equipment;|
|(10)||Noise generated by tools or equipment during emergency operations or activities that are reasonably necessary for the public health, safety or welfare.|
(Code 1972, § 78-4; Ord. No. 26, 1990,4-3-90; Ord. No. 93, 1999,6-15-99; Ord. No. 154,2001, 11-6-01)
Sec. 20-26. Extraterritorial noise source.
If noise measured at a location within the city limits exceeds the maximum permissible noise levels contained in § 20-23 for the zoning district in which the noise is measured, and the source of the noise is located in an unincorporated area of the county, the city shall have jurisdiction to prosecute such noise violation provided that:
|(1)||The complainant has first sought enforcement of any applicable county noise law or regulation and the county has declined to initiate any court proceedings to enforce said law or regulation, or thirty (30) days have elapsed from the date of filing the complaint with the county and no such proceedings have been initiated; or|
|(2)||The person charged with a violation of the county's law or regulation has been acquitted of such charge, or such charge has been dismissed, and the elements constituting a violation of the county law or regulation are substantially different than the elements constituting a violation of § 20-23.|
(Ord. No. 154,2001, 11-6-01)
Sec. 20-27. Variances.
(a) Any person who owns or operates any stationary noise source may apply to the Code Compliance Inspector for a variance from one (1) or more of the provisions of this Article. Applications for a variance shall supply information including, but not limited to:
|(1)||The nature and location of the noise source for which such application is made;|
|(2)||The reason for which the variance is requested, including the hardship that will result to the applicant, his/her client or the public if the permit of variance is not granted;|
|(3)||The level of noise that will occur during the period of the variance;|
|(4)||The section or sections of this Article for which the variance shall apply;|
|(5)||A description of interim noise control measures to be taken for the applicant to minimize noise and the impacts occurring therefrom; and|
|(6)||A specific schedule of the noise control measures that shall be taken to bring the source into compliance with this Article within a reasonable time.|
(b) Failure to supply the information required by the Code Compliance Inspector shall be cause for rejection of the application.
(c) The Code Compliance Inspector may charge the applicant a fee, in accordance with § 7.5-1 of this Code, to cover expenses resulting from the processing of the variance application.
(d) The Code Compliance Inspector may, at his or her discretion, limit the duration of the variance, which shall be no longer than one (1) year. Any person granted a variance and requesting an extension of time shall apply for a new variance under the provisions of this Section.